PAC = Pan Africanist Congress, founded in 1959 by Robert Sobukwe. A breakaway group from the Nelson Mandela’s ANC. Both groups opposed apartheid. The difference was the PAC spoke of whites generically as enemies, it was famous for the slogan “one settler, one bullet”. Whereas the ANC included anti-apartheid whites, e.g. the Communist Party leader Joe Slovo, a lifelong comrade-in-arms of Nelson Mandela.